Verbs in Portuguese fall into three general categories: verbs ending with -AR, verbs ending with -ER, and verbs ending with –IR. We’ll start our study by looking at some –AR verbs common in capoeira.
|Dona Maria de Camboatá
Ela chega na venda e manda comprar
Dona Maria de Camboatá
Ela entra na roda e começa a gingar
|Mrs. Maria from Camboatá
She arrives at the marketplace and makes an order
Mrs. Maria from Camboatá
She enters the roda and begins to play
Explanation: This song describes a woman who knows what she wants and how to get it. Depending on the context, it can be sung in a complimentary way (for example, praising a skilled female capoeirista who can “order” the other player around and have the upper hand in the game) or in a critical way (for example, portraying a woman as bossy and domineering).
This drawing by Lieutenant Chamberlain, who visited Brazil in 1819-1820, shows a typical feira (marketplace) in colonial Rio de Janeiro (read more here):
And here's a modern feira - the largest marketplace in Salvador, Bahia, called the Feira de São Joaquim:
|Tocar||To play (instruments)|
|Jogar||To play (sports or capoeira)|
Let’s look at the verb jogar, which is the infinitive: “to play.”
To conjugate the verb, we remove the –AR and add different endings:
|Você / Ele / Ela||Joga|
|Vocês / Eles / Elas||Jogam|
These same endings can be applied to any of the –AR verbs in the table above, since they are all regular:
Eu falo português. = I speak Portuguese
Você toca berimbau muito bem. = You play berimbau very well.
Ela sempre chega atrasada. = She always arrives late.
Nós cantamos na aula de musica. = We sing in music class.
Eles não jogam capoeira. = They don’t play capoeira.
When saying the infinitive of a verb, the stress is on the last syllable, the –AR:
Jo-gar (to play)
fa-lar (to speak)
en-si-nar (to teach)
co-me-çar (to start)
But when you conjugate the verb, the stress changes to the second-to-last syllable:
Instruções: Escolha a forma correta do verbo.
Instructions: Choose the correct form of the verb.
Common Capoeira Verbs: -AR Quiz #1
- Next members-only lesson: Common capoeira verbs: -ER