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Jun 24

Common Capoeira Verbs: -AR

Verbs in Portuguese fall into three general categories: verbs ending with -AR, verbs ending with -ER, and verbs ending with –IR. We’ll start our study by looking at some –AR verbs common in capoeira.

MÚSICA

Dona Maria de Camboatá

Ela chega na venda e manda comprar

Dona Maria de Camboatá

Ela entra na roda e começa a gingar

Mrs. Maria from Camboatá

She arrives at the marketplace and makes an order

Mrs. Maria from Camboatá

She enters the roda and begins to play

Explanation: This song describes a woman who knows what she wants and how to get it. Depending on the context, it can be sung in a complimentary way (for example, praising a skilled female capoeirista who can “order” the other player around and have the upper hand in the game) or in a critical way (for example, portraying a woman as bossy and domineering).

This drawing by Lieutenant Chamberlain, who visited Brazil in 1819-1820, shows a typical feira (marketplace) in colonial Rio de Janeiro (read more here):

And here's a modern feira - the largest marketplace in Salvador, Bahia, called the Feira de São Joaquim:


VOCABULÁRIO

Tocar To play (instruments)
Cantar To sing
Jogar To play (sports or capoeira)
Ensinar To teach
Chamar To call
Começar To start
Comprar To buy
Falar To speak
Chegar To arrive

GRAMÁTICA

Let’s look at the verb jogar, which is the infinitive: “to play.”

To conjugate the verb, we remove the –AR and add different endings:

Eu Jogo
Você / Ele / Ela Joga
Nós Jogamos
Vocês / Eles / Elas Jogam

These same endings can be applied to any of the –AR verbs in the table above, since they are all regular:

Eu falo português. = I speak Portuguese

Você toca berimbau muito bem. = You play berimbau very well.

Ela sempre chega atrasada. = She always arrives late.

Nós cantamos na aula de musica. = We sing in music class.

Eles não jogam capoeira. = They don’t play capoeira.


PRONÚNCIA (PRONUNCIATION)

When saying the infinitive of a verb, the stress is on the last syllable, the –AR:

Jo-gar (to play)

fa-lar (to speak)

en-si-nar (to teach)

co-me-çar (to start)

 

But when you conjugate the verb, the stress changes to the second-to-last syllable:

jo-go

fa-la

en-si-na­-mos

co-me­­-çam


PRATICAR

Instruções: Escolha a forma correta do verbo.

Instructions: Choose the correct form of the verb.

Common Capoeira Verbs: -AR Quiz #1

Question 1
Meu mestre ____________ uma ladainha para começar a roda.
A
canto
B
cantamos
C
canta
D
cantam
Question 2
Eu sempre ___________ pandeiro na roda.
A
tocam
B
tocamos
C
toco
D
toca
Question 3
Nós ________________ leite no supermercado.
A
compram
B
compro
C
compra
D
compramos
Question 4
Você _________ inglês?
A
falo
B
falam
C
fala
D
falamos
Question 5
Ela __________ matemática na universidade.
A
ensina
B
ensinamos
C
ensino
D
ensinam
Question 6
A aula _____________ as sete horas da noite.
A
começo
B
começamos
C
começam
D
começa
Question 7
Paolo e Joao ___________ capoeira, futebol, e voleibol na praia.
A
jogam
B
jogo
C
joga
D
jogamos
Question 8
Meus amigos me____________ de “Borboleta” – é meu apelido na capoeira.
A
chamam
B
chamamos
C
chama
D
chamo
Question 9
Minha namorada e eu sempre ___________ cedo ao trabalho.
A
chego
B
chegam
C
chega
D
chegamos
Question 10
Eu __________ um pouco de português.
A
falo
B
fala
C
falam
D
falamos
There are 10 questions to complete.

 

Ready for something more challenging? Try Quiz #2 and Quiz #3!

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