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Aug 29

Parts of the body

MÚSICA

Vieram três para bater o nego (2x)

Trouxeram faca, porrete, facão (2x)

Você não sabe o que pode fazer o nego (2x)

Troca mão pelo pé

O pé pela mão

Troca pé pela mão

A mão pelo pé

Three came to beat the black man

They brought a knife, club, and machete

You don’t know what this guy can do

Exchange his hands for his feet

His feet for his hands

Exchange his feet for his hands

His hands for his feet

Explanation: One of the distinguishing marks of the capoeirista is the ability to move in surprising ways, including being upside down in movements such as au and bananeira. This song tells how a capoeirista can “exchange his hands for his feet” and vice versa. A skilled capoeirista can support and balance his or her body on the hands, feet, or head.

This watercolor painting, by British artist Augustus Earle, is from 1821-1824. It shows a policeman about to interfere in a capoeira game!


VOCABULÁRIO

Foot
Mão Hand
Braço Arm
Perna Leg
Cabeça Head
Pescoço Neck
Ombro Shoulder
Joelho Knee
Dedo Finger
Rosto Face
Estômago Stomach
Barriga Belly
Peito Chest
Costas Back
Esquerdo / Esquerda Left
Direito / Direita Right
Dobrar Bend
Esticar Stretch / extend

MY / YOUR / HIS / HER

Okay, now we know the parts of the body... but how do we say “my leg” or “your arm”?

meu My (if the word is masculine)
minha My (if the word is feminine)
seu Your (if the word is masculine)
sua Your (if the word is feminine)
dele His
dela Her

You use meu or minha based on if the word for the body part is masculine or feminine (NOT depending on whether you are male or female!) For example:

Meu braço = my arm (braço is a masculine word)

Minha barriga = my belly (barriga is a feminine word)

 

Can you label each body part in the vocabulary list as masculine or feminine?

 

If you want to talk about a body part in the plural, just add “s” to both the word and the possessive:

Seus dedos = your fingers

Suas pernas = your legs

 

Finally, if you want to talk about someone else’s arms/legs/whatever, use dele (if the peson is male) and dela (if the person is female):

O rosto dele = His face

O pé dela = Her foot

Note that in this case dele and dela come after the noun!


Talking about injuries

If a visiting mestre wants you to do queda de rins but you’re recovering from a shoulder dislocation, what do you say?

Here are a couple useful phrases:

...está machucado/machucada = ...is injured

...está doendo = ...hurts

So in this case, you could say Meu ombro está machucado.


PRATICAR

Parts of the Body Quiz

Question 1
Minha barriga está doendo.
A
Correta
B
Incorreta
Question 2
Bota seu perna esquerda em frente.
A
Correta
B
Incorreta
Question 2 Explanation: 
It should be: Bota sua perna esquerda em frente.
Question 3
Bati meu cabeça no chão.
A
Correta
B
Incorreta
Question 3 Explanation: 
It should be: Bati minha cabeça no chão.
Question 4
Meu braço direito está machucado.
A
Correta
B
Incorreta
Question 5
Dobra seu joelhos.
A
Correta
B
Incorreta
Question 5 Explanation: 
It should be: Dobra seus joelhos.
Question 6
Dei uma chapa no rosto dele.
A
Correta
B
Incorreta
Question 7
A mão esquerdo dela está machucada.
A
Correta
B
Incorreta
Question 7 Explanation: 
It should be: A mão esquerda dela está machucada. (Mão is a feminine word)
Question 8
Os dele braços são fortes.
A
Correta
B
Incorreta
Question 8 Explanation: 
It should be: Os braços dele são fortes.
There are 8 questions to complete.

Want another challenge?

Test your knowledge of the parts of the body together with capoeira movements in Parts of the Body Quiz #2.

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